As you are designing your model train layouts, model train layouts tunnels should be included in your plan. The model train layouts tunnel is very necessary on most mountainous layouts. Tunnels are also very helpful to hide your trains from view when it crosses the landscape. Realism suffers if your trains are in full view all the time. It needs to show the audiences that your trains are coming and going from somewhere to somewhere. When you include any tunnel and it seems the train appear from a tunnel or hidden valley etc. It looks more realistic and also seems it just traveling around in a circle.
Model railroad tunnel portals
You can purchase tunnel or can make your own. If you want to buy tunnel, you will find it at any hobby shop as plaster cast forms simulating wood, cut stone, random stone, etc. You can also paint them with brown, tan, gray or whatever you want.
If you have any inclination, you can make your own plaster cast. You can also use strips of basswood to create your own wooden tunnel.
There is an easy way. You can use beaded Styrofoam which comes in boxes of packing material for other items. Take the ½ inch thick sheet of Styrofoam and use a sharp knife to cut it and match the form of a tunnel portal.
You should make sure that you have enough clearance for all your train equipment to get through the portal.
Now you can paint the portal with concrete-color and can add a spray of gray to enhance the crevices. As the train enter or leave the tunnel, you can add a darker stain of gray or black to the top of the portal.
Making the tunnel of model train layouts
There are many ways to make the “body” of the tunnel. Here I will describe some of them.
(a) You can use a sheet of Styrofoam to cut and build the walls of the tunnel. It can be curved to match the course of the truck. Now cut another piece of Styrofoam and it will cover the tops of the wall. Then use wadded newspaper to create mountain over the Styrofoam tunnel and covered this with plaster cloth.
(b) You can cover the track directly with wadded newspaper. And cover the newspaper wads with cellophane. Now your job is to open a can of the great stuff and spray on a mountain over this cellophane-covered newspaper, leaving an opening on each end of the tunnel for the portal. Leave this overnight to dry. Don’t touch it after it’s sprayed out of the can ‘till it’s dry. Then reach in through the portal on each side and pull out the newspaper wads. The plastic wrap ought to keep the newspaper from sticking out to the nice Stuff. You’ll be able to then use a saw or toothed knife to form the highest of the mountain but you want or add plaster material to the highest of the mountain to feature texture and supply a decent painting surface.
(c) Number three method is to use cardboard web technique. You need to form the sides and top of the tunnel and cover this with wadded newspaper and then plaster cloth to finish the mountain form.
Tunnel in inside of model train layout
You should not neglect the inside part of the tunnel. Be concern about the part which is visible from outside.
Take a piece of black, brown or gray cardstock, or construction paper, cut it to the proper size and insert the rolled cardstock into one end of the tunnel. Allow the cardstock to unfold and position it in order that it creates rounded within walls for the top of the tunnel. That way, after you inspect the top of the tunnel, you simply see black or gray walls rather than plaster or cardboard webbing.
You can use rock castings for the inside walls of the ends of the tunnel or use Sculptamold to line the inside walls and then paint it with washes as you would do with regular rocks. It can another nice way to decorate the inside of the tunnel.